Ecuadoreans to vote in referendum on unprecedented security measures

Last Updated: June 20, 2024By

Empowering Ecuador: A Plebiscite for Security Solutions


Ecuadorians are gearing up for a pivotal moment this Sunday as they head to the polls to cast their votes in a referendum brimming with groundbreaking security measures. This isn’t just any referendum; it’s a litmus test for the nation’s fervent backing of their dynamic leader, President Daniel Noboa.

Noboa, the youthful face of Ecuador’s leadership, has been grappling with a surge in violence since assuming office last November. With crime rates skyrocketing, he’s proposed a slew of initiatives aimed at bolstering law enforcement and quelling organized crime. The referendum, comprising 11 questions primarily focused on security, serves as the battleground for these proposals.

Once lauded as a haven of tranquility amidst its tumultuous neighbors, Ecuador witnessed a staggering escalation in violence last year, earning the dubious title of the most violent country in South America. The streets, once peaceful, became arenas for bloody confrontations as drug factions clashed, spilling the chaos beyond prison walls.


In a bold move, Noboa declared a state of “internal armed conflict” earlier this year, labeling 22 drug syndicates as terrorist organizations. Armed with this designation, Ecuador’s military was authorized to take decisive action against these criminal elements. The president wasted no time, deploying troops to the streets and orchestrating mass arrests of individuals linked to organized crime.

Now, with the referendum on the horizon, Noboa aims to cement these hardline measures. His vision includes joint patrols by military and police forces, the extradition of notorious drug lords, and stiffer penalties for crimes like terrorism and murder. It’s a strategy born out of desperation, resonating with Ecuadorians weary of living under the shadow of extortion and abduction.

Fernando Carrión, a security expert, explains the populace’s perspective succinctly: “As victims of violence, the population believes that the ‘iron fist’ policies and the presence of the armed forces on the street and in the prisons can solve their problems.”

Despite international scrutiny over human rights, Noboa’s security crackdown has earned him widespread domestic approval. His popularity, once soaring, faced a recent challenge with an electricity shortage debacle. Still, his firm stance on security issues continues to resonate with the populace.

While the referendum encompasses various topics, including labor rights and international arbitration, the security-focused questions are expected to garner the most support. Leonidas Iza, president of Conaie, Ecuador’s indigenous federation, warns against the erosion of labor rights amidst the backdrop of Noboa’s security fervor.

Erin Drake, from the security consultancy S-RM, notes the dichotomy between international criticism and domestic acclaim for Noboa’s policies. Despite the controversies, Noboa remains a formidable figure domestically, poised to seek re-election in 2025.

In essence, this referendum transcends mere security concerns; it’s a referendum on Noboa’s leadership and the nation’s future trajectory. As Carrión aptly puts it, “This referendum is not only about security questions but also about recognizing the president’s legitimacy and putting him in a good position for 2025.”

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